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Life Sci. 1990;47(19):1729-36.

The non-competitive NMDA antagonists MK-801 and PCP, as well as the competitive NMDA antagonist SDZ EAA494 (D-CPPene), interact synergistically with clonidine to promote locomotion in monoamine-depleted mice.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Göteborg, Sweden.


The present study shows that high doses of the non-competitive NMDA antagonist phencyclidine (PCP) as well as of the competitive NMDA antagonist SDZ EAA494 (D-CPPene) increase locomotion in monoamine-depleted mice. The pattern of movement produced following treatment with these agents is very similar to that previously observed following MK-801 administration to monamine-depleted mice. When subthreshold doses of MK-801, PCP and SDZ EAA494 were combined with the alpha-adrenergic agonist clonidine, a dramatic stimulation of locomotion was observed in monoamine-depleted mice; the gross appearance of the animals was similar with the three drug combinations. These results support our previous conclusion that suppression of glutamatergic neurotransmission promotes the locomotor stimulatory potential of other (e.g. adrenergic) transmitter systems. The present findings may be of relevance for future treatment strategies in (L-DOPA-resistant) Parkinson's disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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