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Nurse Educ Pract. 2011 Nov;11(6):365-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2011.03.010. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

Evaluation of nurses' and doctors' knowledge of basic & advanced life support resuscitation guidelines.

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Catheterization Laboratory, Thriassion Hospital, Athens, Greece.


Lack of resuscitation skills of nurses and doctors in basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS) has been identified as a contributing factor to poor outcomes of cardiac arrest victims. Our hypothesis was that nurses' and doctors' knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines would be related to their professional background as well as their resuscitation training. A secondary aim of this study was to assess and compare the theoretical knowledge on BLS and ALS in nurses and doctors. A total of 82 nurses and 134 doctors agreed to respond to a questionnaire containing demographic questions, resuscitation experience questions and 15 theoretical knowledge questions. Our study demonstrated that nurses and doctors working in Greece have knowledge gaps in current BLS and ALS guidelines. However, resuscitation training had a positive effect on theoretical CPR knowledge. Furthermore, nurses and doctors who worked in high-risk areas for cardiac arrest, scored significantly higher than those who worked in low-risk areas. Those who had encountered more than 5 cardiac arrests the previous year, scored significantly better. Finally the percentage of nurses who had attended the ALS course was quite low thus ALS training should be incorporated into the nursing curriculum.

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