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Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Jun;83(3):310-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2011.02.018. Epub 2011 Apr 7.

Why don't patients take their drugs? The role of communication, context and culture in patient adherence and the work of the pharmacist in HIV/AIDS.

Author information

1
School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, South Africa. claire.penn@wits.ac.za

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined facilitators and barriers to adherence in four South African antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic sites and explored context and communication factors in relation to the role of the pharmacist.

METHODS:

Data were collected from interviews and narratives of patients and health professionals around the issues of adherence and qualitatively analysed using principles of Thematic Content Analysis.

RESULTS:

Findings confirm the complex interplay between illness, communication, sociocultural, economic, context and systemic issues. Analysis suggests adherence is multifaceted and reinforces the critical role of communication factors in achieving concordance between patient and pharmacist.

CONCLUSION:

Successful treatment of HIV/AIDS depends on pharmacists and healthcare teams understanding contextual and interactional factors which play a role in adherence.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

The findings reinforce the importance of embedding a patient-centred approach in the training and everyday practice of pharmacists. The value of qualitative methods in understanding barriers to adherence and the potential value of the cultural broker in intercultural settings is discussed. Some suggestions are made as to how adherence counselling can be made relevant and effective.

PMID:
21474263
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2011.02.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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