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Rehabil Nurs. 2011 Mar-Apr;36(2):47-53, 82.

Factors associated with exercise among older adults in a continuing care retirement community.

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University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.


The objectives of this study were to test a model of the factors that influence exercise activities among a group of older adults living in a continuing care retirement community with a wellness center that features a pool, exercise room, and exercise classes. This was a correlational study using a one-time survey. A total of 163 residents with an average age of 86.6 years (SD = 6.1) participated in the study. Ninety (55%) of the participants exercised regularly (30 minutes daily), 88% of whom used the wellness center. Of all participating residents, 49% reported using the wellness center. Self-efficacy and negative outcome expectations directly related to exercise behavior. Marital status, resilience, health status, pain, and fear of falling were indirectly related to exercise. All of these factors explained 15% of the variance in exercise behavior. These findings support previous work and provide future direction for research regarding interventions to increase exercise among older adults. Further, access to a wellness center providing exercise opportunities may increase adherence to a regular exercise regimen among older adults.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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