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Ann Behav Med. 2011 Aug;42(1):79-90. doi: 10.1007/s12160-011-9267-z.

Culture, emotion, and cancer screening: an integrative framework for investigating health behavior.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. pflynn@llu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although health disparity research has investigated social structural, cultural, or psychological factors, the interrelations among these factors deserve greater attention.

PURPOSE:

This study aims to examine cancer screening emotions and their relations to screening fatalism as determinants of breast cancer screening among women from diverse socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds.

METHODS:

An integrative conceptual framework was used to test the multivariate relations among socioeconomic status, age, screening fatalism, screening emotions, and clinical breast exam compliance among 281 Latino and Anglo women, using multi-group structural equation causal modeling.

RESULTS:

Screening emotions and screening fatalism had a negative, direct influence on clinical breast exam compliance for both ethnic groups. Still, ethnicity moderated the indirect effect of screening fatalism on clinical breast exam compliance through screening emotions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Integrative conceptual frameworks and multivariate methods may shed light on the complex relations among factors influencing health behaviors relevant to disparities. Future research and intervention must recognize this complexity when working with diverse populations.

PMID:
21472484
PMCID:
PMC3584161
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-011-9267-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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