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Mol Biol Evol. 2011 Sep;28(9):2675-85. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msr094. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

Molecular evolution of protein conformational changes revealed by a network of evolutionarily coupled residues.

Author information

1
Division of Molecular and Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Korea.

Abstract

An improved understanding of protein conformational changes has broad implications for elucidating the mechanisms of various biological processes and for the design of protein engineering experiments. Understanding rearrangements of residue interactions is a key component in the challenge of describing structural transitions. Evolutionary properties of protein sequences and structures are extensively studied; however, evolution of protein motions, especially with respect to interaction rearrangements, has yet to be explored. Here, we investigated the relationship between sequence evolution and protein conformational changes and discovered that structural transitions are encoded in amino acid sequences as coevolving residue pairs. Furthermore, we found that highly coevolving residues are clustered in the flexible regions of proteins and facilitate structural transitions by forming and disrupting their interactions cooperatively. Our results provide insight into the evolution of protein conformational changes and help to identify residues important for structural transitions.

PMID:
21470969
DOI:
10.1093/molbev/msr094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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