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Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 2011 Oct 14;168(1-2):40-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cis.2011.02.011. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Disjoining pressure and capillarity in the constrained vapor bubble heat transfer system.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, United States.


Using the disjoining pressure concept in a seminal paper, Derjaguin, Nerpin and Churaev demonstrated that isothermal liquid flow in a very thin film on the walls of a capillary tube enhances the rate of evaporation of moisture by several times. The objective of this review is to present the evolution of the use of Churaev's seminal research in the development of the Constrained Vapor Bubble (CVB) heat transfer system. In this non-isothermal "wickless heat pipe", liquid and vapor flow results from gradients in the intermolecular force field, which depend on the disjoining pressure, capillarity and temperature. A Kelvin-Clapeyron model allowed the use of the disjoining pressure to be expanded to describe non-isothermal heat, mass and momentum transport processes. The intermolecular force field described by the convenient disjoining pressure model is the boundary condition for "suction" and stability at the leading edge of the evaporating curved flow field. As demonstrated by the non-isothermal results, applications that depend on the characteristics of the evaporating meniscus are legion.


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