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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2011 Jan-Feb;61(1):24-34.

[Integrating role of voluntary postural control recovery during rehabilitation of patients with traumatic brain injury].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Results of complex clinical, stabilographic and electroencephalographic (EEG) examination of 20 patients (28 +/- 6.9 years) suffered a severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) are presented. The examination was carried out in early terms after the STBI before and after a course of stabilographic training (ST) with a visual feedback as compared to a group of 18 healthy volunteers (26 +/- 5.8 years). The 4- to 6-week course of ST consisted of 8-15 sessions. Before the course, the patients experienced problems in different kinds of activity, maximum in the motor sphere. The EEG study revealed a decrease in the power and coherence of the alpha rhythm and an increase in the power of the slow spectral bands (delta). The ST restored not only the postural control of patients, but also reduced the defects in other spheres. The EEG study showed an increase in the alpha-rhythm power maximum in the occipital-parietal areas and a tendency to normalization of its regional specificity. In all examined patients, the interhemispheric coherence increased for different EEG-rhythms, especially of the alpha-band, in the central and parietal brain areas. The described EEG changes can be a marker of the integrating role of postural control and an important stage in restoration of integrative brain activity in early terms after the STBI accompanied by improvement of damaged functions.

PMID:
21469325
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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