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Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2011 Jan;51(1):91-7.

[Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit enhances the immune response against canine parvovirus VP2 in mice immunized by VP2 DNA vaccine].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Basic Veterinary Medicine, College of Animal Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, China. dongmeiyuqi@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effect of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) B subunit (LTB) gene on canine parvovirus (CPV) VP2 gene vaccine.

METHODS:

The LTB gene was amplified by PCR from genomic DNA of E. coli 44815 strain. The VP2-70 fragment (210 bp) encoding major epitope of VP2 (70 amino acids) was amplified by PCR from a plasmid encoding VP2 gene. VP2-70 and LTB genes were inserted into the eukaryotic vector to construct VP2-70 gene,LTB gene and VP2-70-LTB fused gene vectors. The mice were immunized with VP2-70 vector, VP2-70-LTB fused vector, or VP2-70 vector plus LTB vector, respectively. The antibody titers at the different time were measured by using ELISA method. The spleen lymphocyte proliferation activity was analyzed by 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.

RESULTS:

The sequence of VP2-70 and LTB genes was identified. The recombinant VP2-70 and LTB proteins could be expressed in HEK293T cells in a secretory manner. The mice immunized with VP2-70 vector, VP2-70-LTB vector or VP2-70 vector plus LTB vector could generate the specific antibody against VP2 protein. The antibody titer immunized with VP2-70-LTB vector reached 1:5120 at 35 d post immunization, significantly higher than that of other two groups (P < 0.01). For antibody isotype analysis, the IgG1 isotype antibody titers in all test groups were significantly higher than of IgG2a (P < 0.01). The high-level spleen lymphocyte stimulation index was observed in the three test groups under the stimulation with Con A, higher than that in control groups (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

LTB gene could enhance the humoral immune response of CPV VP2 gene vaccine in mice.

PMID:
21465794
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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