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Synapse. 2011 Oct;65(10):1052-61. doi: 10.1002/syn.20937. Epub 2011 Apr 26.

Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase is critical for the discriminative stimulus effects induced by U-50,488H.

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1
Department of Toxicology, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-4-41 Ebara, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan.

Abstract

We previously demonstrated that the discriminative stimulus effects of the κ-opioid receptor agonist U-50,488H were associated with its aversive effects in rats. However, its molecular signaling mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the intracellular signaling that plays a role in mediating the discriminative stimulus effect induced by U-50,488H. To better understand the involvement of molecular signaling mechanisms in the discriminative stimulus effects of U-50,488H, rats were subjected to a drug discrimination paradigm, and levels of immunoreactivity and mRNA expression were determined in these rats. Although U-50,488H-trained rats did not show changes in the mRNA expression of typical dopamine (DA) receptors, NMDA receptor subunits, or transcriptional activators, there were remarkable changes in the levels of immunoreactivity of several phosphorylated protein kinases. The levels of immunoreactivity of phosphorylated p38 MAPK and phosphorylated calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) were significantly increased in the nucleus accumbens and amygdala in lever-press, yoked and discrimination groups compared to a naive group. Furthermore, the level of phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein was also increased in both the discrimination and yoked groups. In contrast, the immunoreactivity of phosphorylated extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (ERK 1/2) was specifically increased in the discrimination group. These results suggest that the ERK signaling pathway in the nucleus accumbens and amygdala may be critical for the expression of the discriminative stimulus effects of U-50,488H.

PMID:
21465566
DOI:
10.1002/syn.20937
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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