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Mol Endocrinol. 1990 Jun;4(6):920-30.

Multiple adenosine 3',5'-cyclic [corrected] monophosphate response element DNA-binding proteins generated by gene diversification and alternative exon splicing.

Author information

1
Massachusetts General Hospital, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114.

Erratum in

  • Mol Endocrinol 1990 Jul;4(7):1016.

Abstract

The protein sequence deduced from the open reading frame of a human placental cDNA encoding a cAMP-responsive enhancer (CRE)-binding protein (CREB-327) has structural features characteristic of several other transcriptional transactivator proteins including jun, fos, C/EBP, myc, and CRE-BP1. Results of Southwestern analysis of nuclear extracts from several different cell lines show that there are multiple CRE-binding proteins, which vary in size in cell lines derived from different tissues and animal species. To examine the molecular diversity of CREB-327 and related proteins at the nucleic acid level, we used labeled cDNAs from human placenta that encode two different CRE-binding proteins (CREB-327 and CRE-BP1) to probe Northern and Southern blots. Both probes hybridized to multiple fragments on Southern blots of genomic DNA from various species. Alternatively, when a human placental c-jun probe was hybridized to the same blot, a single fragment was detected in most cases, consistent with the intronless nature of the human c-jun gene. The CREB-327 probe hybridized to multiple mRNAs, derived from human placenta, ranging in size from 2-9 kilobases. In contrast, the CRE-BP1 probe identified a single 4-kilobase mRNA. Sequence analyses of several overlapping human genomic cosmid clones containing CREB-327 sequences in conjunction with polymerase chain reaction indicates that the CREB-327/341 cDNAs are composed of at least eight or nine exons, and analyses of human placental cDNAs provide direct evidence for at least one alternatively spliced exon. Analyses of mouse/hamster-human hybridoma DNAs by Southern blotting and polymerase chain reaction localizes the CREB-327/341 gene to human chromosome 2. The results indicate that there is a dichotomy of CREB-like proteins, those that are related by overall structure and DNA-binding specificity as well as those that are related by close similarities of primary sequences.

PMID:
2146494
DOI:
10.1210/mend-4-6-920
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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