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Somatic Cell Genet. 1977 Sep;3(5):483-95.

Biochemical genetic analysis of pyrimidine biosynthesis in mammalian cells: I. Isolation of a mutant defective in the early steps of de novo pyrimidine synthesis.


The isolation and characterization of a new mutant of Chinese hamster ovary cells is described. This mutant, Urd-A, shows an absolute requirement for exogenously added pyrimidines for growth. Complementation analysis indicates that the lesion in this mutant is recessive. Revertants can be isolated at frequencies suggesting that it is a single gene alteration. Biochemical analysis of cell-free extracts of CHO-K1 (Urd+) and Urd-A revealed that Urd-A possesses no more than 10% of wild-type levels of carbamyl phosphate synthetase (EC activity, no more than 1% of wild-type levels of aspartate transcarbamylase (EC activity, and undetectable levels of dihydroorotase (EC activity. Thus, this mutant appears simultaneously to possess marked or complete deficiencies in the activities of the first three enzymes of pyrimidine biosynthesis. Activities of the other enzymes of the pathway appear normal. The use of this mutant for biochemical-genetic studies of pyrimidine biosynthesis is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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