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J Prosthodont. 2011 Apr;20(3):173-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2011.00695.x. Epub 2011 Apr 4.

Effect of surface treatment on shear bond strength of zirconia to human dentin.

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Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.



The effect of surface treatment using tribochemical silica coating/silane coupling on the shear bond strengths of (1) a glass-infiltrated, zirconia-reinforced alumina (In-Ceram Zirconia) and (2) a yttria-stabilized zirconia ceramic (YZ Zirconia) to human dentin was studied.


Twelve specimens of each ceramic were randomly assigned to one of three surface treatments: (1) no surface treatment (control group); (2) a chairside tribochemical silica coating/silane coupling system (CoJet group); and (3) a laboratory tribochemical silica coating/silane coupling system (Rocatac group). The mode of failure of each specimen was determined under magnification.


The shear bond strengths (mean ± SD) of In-Ceram Zirconia of the control, CoJet and Rocatec groups were 5.7 ± 4.3 MPa, 11.4 ± 5.4 MPa, and 6.5 ± 4.8 MPa, respectively. The corresponding figures for YZ Zirconia were 8.2 ± 5.4 MPa, 9.8 ± 5.4 MPa, and 7.8 ± 4.7 MPa. Two-way ANOVA revealed significant differences in bond strength due to the difference in surface treatment (p= 0.02), but the bond strengths between the two ceramics were not significantly different (p= 0.56). Post hoc tests showed that In-Ceram Zirconia treated with CoJet had significantly higher shear bond strengths than those untreated (p < 0.05) or treated with Rocatec (p < 0.05). Surface treatment did not affect the shear bond strength of YZ Zirconia significantly (p > 0.05).


The bonding of In-Ceram Zirconia can be improved by the chairside surface treatment system.

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