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Clin Transplant. 2012 Mar-Apr;26(2):242-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2011.01441.x. Epub 2011 Apr 5.

Employment outcomes following successful renal transplantation.

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Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.



Data on employment outcomes after successful renal transplantation are few. We conducted this study to identify favorable factors for employment after transplantation.


Adult patients <65 yr of age who underwent renal transplantation between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2007 were surveyed. Patients with graft survival <1 yr were excluded. We also tested their knowledge of Medicare coverage after transplantation. Data were analyzed using chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. p-Value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.


A 55% response rate was obtained where 56% of respondents were employed after transplantation. Race, marital status, previous transplant, and complicated post-operative course did not influence employment. Favorable factors include male gender (p=0.04), younger age (<40 [p=0.0003] or <50 yr [p<0.0001]), having ≥1 dependent (p=0.04), higher education (minimum high school degree [p=0.003] or some college [p=0.002]), live donor recipient (p=0.004), wait time <2 yr (p=0.03), dialysis <2 yr (p<0.0001) or pre-dialysis (p=0.04), and pre-transplantation employment (p<0.0001). Mean time for employment was 4.9±6.3 months (median three months). Common reasons for unemployment were disability (59%) and retirement (27%). Finally, 7% correctly responded that Medicare benefits end 36 months following transplantation.


Potentially modifiable factors to improve employment are earlier referral and better education regarding Medicare eligibility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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