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Muscle Nerve. 2011 May;43(5):717-25. doi: 10.1002/mus.21945. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Suction-modified Bergström muscle biopsy technique: experience with 13,500 procedures.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street W, HSC-2H26, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada. tarnopol@mcmaster.ca

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Bergström needle muscle biopsies have been used by exercise physiologists for over 35 years but have been less accepted by neuromuscular clinicians due to size concerns.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed over 13,500 muscle Bergström needle biopsies done over a 21-year period to determine sampling success, patient/subject experience, and complications. We compared sample yield between two different needles (Bergström vs. UCH), with and without suction modifications.

RESULTS:

Needle biopsies adequate for histology and enzymology were obtainable from the vastus lateralis, deltoid, biceps brachii, soleus, and medial gastrocnemius muscles, with a success rate of >99.9% and a minor complication rate of 0.15%. Approximately 450 muscle fibers were submitted for histologic assessment; suction modification and use of the Bergström vs. UCH needle were associated with larger sample size (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

The suction-modified Bergström needle muscle biopsy technique is safe and provides an adequate sample size for histologic, ultrastructural, DNA, and enzyme analysis.

PMID:
21462204
DOI:
10.1002/mus.21945
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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