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Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 Jan;13(1):60-5. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182191a35.

Right-to-left shunting in the ductus arteriosus is induced readily by intense crying and rapid postural change in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid.

Author information

1
Departments of Pediatrics, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan. baba@shinshu-u.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate postnatal changes in the direction of blood flow through the ductus arteriosus in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, we measured preductal and postductal oxygen saturation in normal neonates, neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and a neonate with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn.

DESIGN:

Prospective, observational case series report.

SETTING:

A single, tertiary neonatal intensive care unit.

PATIENTS:

Twelve normal neonates, seven neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and a neonate with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn.

INTERVENTIONS:

SpO2 is simultaneously monitored in the right upper and lower limbs after birth.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Compared with normal neonates, three neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid required longer than +2 SD of the mean time for the postductal SpO2 to reach 90% and/or 95%. In a neonate with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, intense crying triggered frequent decreases to <70% in the postductal SpO2 from 25 mins after birth, while the preductal SpO2 remained at 95% or above. When the other newborn with meconium-stained amniotic fluid was held in the father's arms after 98 mins, the postductal SpO2 decreased rapidly to <80%, while the preductal SpO2 remained at 95%. Thus, 5% or greater difference between the preductal and postductal SpO2 was observed from 25 mins after birth until 120 mins in all neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, whereas the difference disappeared after 25 mins in 12 normal neonates. In a neonate with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn who required vigorous resuscitation, 5% or greater difference between the preductal and postductal SpO2 levels was observed until 6 hrs after birth.

CONCLUSIONS:

Right-to-left shunting in the ductus arteriosus may be induced readily by intense crying and rapid postural change in infants with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. It is important to monitor SpO2 at both pre- and postductal regions until 120 mins after birth in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid and to subject these infants to minimal manipulations.

PMID:
21460760
DOI:
10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182191a35
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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