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Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2011 May-Jun;7(3):277-82. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2011.02.005. Epub 2011 Feb 24.

Differences in outcomes of laparoscopic gastric bypass.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although several risk factors affecting weight loss outcomes with bariatric procedures have been identified, the effect of age, gender, race, and illness severity on postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic gastric bypass has not been extensively examined.

METHODS:

The University HealthSystem Consortium database is an administrative and financial database that provides information on the inpatient stay. A retrospective analysis of patient outcomes was performed using 4-year discharge data from the University HealthSystem Consortium database.

RESULTS:

A total of 37,765 patients underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass. The women exhibited significantly reduced mortality, morbidity, intensive care unit (ICU) admissions (9.87% male versus 6.73% female; P <.001), duration of hospitalization (2.72 ± 4.03 d for men versus 2.59 ± 2.88 d for women; P <.001), and hospital costs ($17,346 ± $15,397 for men versus $14,383 ± $11,170 for women; P <.001). Blacks demonstrated significantly greater 30-day readmission rates, duration of hospitalization, and costs compared with whites. Hispanics had lower ICU admission and hospital costs compared with whites. With increasing age, an increased risk of overall morbidity, ICU admissions, duration of hospitalization, and costs was observed. Compared with the minor severity group, the major/extreme severity group had significantly greater observed mortality, overall morbidity, ICU admissions, duration of hospitalization, and hospital costs.

CONCLUSION:

The present study identified gender, race, age, and illness severity as risk factors affecting postoperative outcomes after laparoscopic gastric bypass. Male gender and increasing age were overall associated with an increased risk of complications. Significant racial disparities in the outcome measures were observed with blacks having an increased risk of adverse events. Illness severity was shown to adversely affect the surgical outcomes in laparoscopic gastric bypass.

PMID:
21459686
DOI:
10.1016/j.soard.2011.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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