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Can J Cardiol. 2011 Mar-Apr;27(2):183-91. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2010.12.020.

New insights into how the intestine can regulate lipid homeostasis and impact vascular disease: frontiers for new pharmaceutical therapies to lower cardiovascular disease risk.

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Alberta Institute for Human Nutrition, Mazankowski, Alberta, Canada.


In recent years, evidence has emerged that the intestine is a significant regulator of systemic cholesterol homeostasis and can contribute to raised plasma cholesterol concentration. In this review we provide a context for the role the intestine may have in cardiovascular disease during conditions of chronic disease (insulin resistance, obesity). In particular, we highlight the physiological role of the intestine in lipid absorption, identify novel elements in enterocyte molecular biology, review the concept that chylomicrons and their remnants contribute to atherogenesis during chronic disease, and address new principles of chylomicron overproduction during conditions of insulin resistance including the associated hormonal control of the intestine during these conditions. Finally, we raise the issue of a growing need for novel lipid-lowering pharmaceutical therapies that target intestinal lipid metabolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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