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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011 Jun;113(3):199-204. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.12.015. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Community-based stillbirth rates and risk factors in rural Sarlahi, Nepal.

Author information

1
International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess stillbirth rates and antepartum risk factors in rural Nepal.

METHODS:

Data were collected prospectively during a cluster-randomized, community-based trial in Sarlahi, Nepal, from 2002 to 2006. Multivariate regression modeling was performed to calculate adjusted relative risk estimates.

RESULTS:

Among 24531 births, the stillbirth rate was 35.4 per 1000 births (term stillbirth rate 21.2 per 1000 births). Most births occurred at home without a skilled birth attendant. The majority (69%) of intrapartum maternal deaths resulted in stillbirth. The adjusted RR (aRR) of stillbirth was 2.74 among nulliparas and 1.47 among mothers with history of a child death. Mothers above the age of 30 years carried a 1.59-fold higher risk for stillbirth than mothers who were 20-24 years old. The stillbirth risk was lower among households where the father had any formal education (aRR 0.70). Land ownership (aRR 0.85) and Pahadi ethnicity (aRR 0.67; reference: Madhesi ethnicity) were associated with significantly lower risks of stillbirth.

CONCLUSION:

Stillbirth rates were high in rural Nepal, with the majority of stillbirths occurring at full-term gestation. Nulliparity, history of prior child loss, maternal age above 30 years, Madhesi ethnicity, and socioeconomic disadvantage were significant risk factors for stillbirth. Clinicaltrials.govNCT00 109616.

PMID:
21458812
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.12.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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