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Am J Cardiol. 2011 Jun 1;107(11):1644-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.01.054. Epub 2011 Mar 31.

Effect of low-dose (1 mg/day) pitavastatin on left ventricular diastolic function and albuminuria in patients with hyperlipidemia.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Tokushima Graduate School of Health Biosciences, Tokushima, Japan. syagi@clin.med.tokushima-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the factors that modulate the protective action of statins on cardiorenal function, regardless of the lipid-lowering effect. To treat abnormal serum lipid profiles, low-dose pitavastatin (1.0 mg/day) was administered to 65 hyperlipidemic patients. The exclusion criteria included left ventricular ejection fraction <40% and apparent renal disease. Age- and gender-matched patients with hyperlipidemia (n = 40) served as the controls. After 12 to 16 weeks of pitavastatin treatment, pitavastatin had decreased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (from 143.5 ± 31.4 to 98.2 ± 19.4 mg/dl, p <0.01), triglycerides (from 157.7 ± 57.2 to 140.5 ± 60.7 mg/dl, p <0.01), E/e' (from 10.8 ± 6.2 to 9.0 ± 4.5, p <0.05), a parameter of left ventricular diastolic function, and albuminuria (from 47.6 ± 55.9 to 28.5 ± 40.0 mg/g creatinine, p <0.01). Furthermore, pitavastatin decreased serum transforming growth factor-β1 (from 709 ± 242 to 550 ± 299 pg/ml, p <0.01), urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (from 6.6 ± 4.1 to 5.0 ± 3.1 μg/g creatinine, p <0.01), an oxidative stress marker, and increased urinary nitrate and nitrite (from 22.5 ± 14.6 to 29.4 ± 27.6 nmol/g creatinine, p <0.05). No such changes were observed in the controls. Multiple regression analysis in the pitavastatin group revealed the effect of pitavastatin on cardiorenal function was associated with suppression of oxidative stress, but not on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction. In conclusion, pitavastatin decreases E/e' and albuminuria, which is associated with suppression of oxidative stress.

PMID:
21458773
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.01.054
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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