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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2011 Jun 6;339(1-2):25-33. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2011.03.007. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Glucagon-like peptide 1 protects microvascular endothelial cells by inactivating the PARP-1/iNOS/NO pathway.

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Department of Endocrinology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.


Increasing studies suggest that the activity of GLP-1 might be of significant importance in the development of type 2 diabetes beyond its serum glucose-lowering effects. However, to date, the anti-apoptosis mechanism by which GLP-1 acts on MILE SVEN 1 (MS-1) cells has not been fully explored with regard to the intracellular signaling pathway. Increasing evidence shows that apoptosis of islet microvascular endothelial cells (IMECs) participates in the pathogenesis of diabetes. We wondered whether GLP-1 exerts its anti-apoptosis effects by inactivating the PARP-1/iNOS/NO pathway in oxidized low-density-lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced apoptosis in mouse IMECs (MS-1 cells), which may linked to GLP-1R/cAMP levels. MTT assay revealed that 2-h pre-incubation with GLP-1 markedly restored the oxLDL-induced loss of MS-1 viability in a concentration-dependent manner. This effect was accompanied by a significant decrease in intracellular nitric oxide (NO) activity. Moreover, GLP-1 suppressed lipid peroxidation, restored the activities of endogenous antioxidants, and decreased the level of NO. Pre-incubating MS-1 cells with GLP-1 reduced cell apoptosis. Finally, GLP-1 could efficiently prevent the upregulation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1/nitrotyrosine and inducible NO synthase protein. Simultaneously, the expression of GLP-1 receptor and the level of cAMP was consistent with the administration of GLP-1. Our findings suggest that GLP-1 can effectively protect MS-1 cells against oxLDL-induced apoptosis, which may be important in preventing the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus.

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