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J Mol Diagn. 2011 May;13(3):289-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2010.11.020. Epub 2011 Mar 31.

Cyclin E1 is amplified and overexpressed in osteosarcoma.

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British Columbia Cancer Research Center, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.


Osteosarcoma is a genetically complex malignancy, predominantly afflicting the adolescent population and associated still with relatively poor long-term outcomes. Although there has been some improvement in the understanding of osteosarcoma biology, this has not yet translated particularly well into therapeutic advances. By using a whole-genome tiling path array for comparative genomic hybridization analysis, we sought to evaluate DNA copy number changes in 22 osteosarcoma tumor samples. Regions of most frequent gains or losses generated by Genomic Identification of Significant Targets in Cancer analysis were evaluated for genes of interest. Correlation of the copy number data with preexisting expression data for these genes yielded not only targets known to be important in osteosarcoma but also novel targets, notably cyclin E1. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the findings. Overexpression of cyclin E1 has potential prognostic and therapeutic implications that are discussed herein.

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