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Eur J Radiol. 2011 Dec;80(3):e366-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.12.074. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Treatment of venous malformations: first experience with a new sclerosing agent--a multicenter study.

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Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Breisacher Str. 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.



To study the efficacy and safety of a new sclerosing gel of absolute ethanol in the percutaneous treatment of venous malformations (VM).


In this prospective, non-randomized multicenter study patients with clinically and by magnetic resonance imaging diagnosed VM were treated. Efficacy and safety of the gel was evaluated. Therapeutic outcome was judged at day 56 after the last sclerosing therapy. Blood ethanol levels of ethanol were measured after each infusion. Local and systemic adverse events were recorded.


Seventy-five (75) patients (age 4-46 y, mean 26 y) were treated in 172 sessions. Compared to no treatment, ethanol gel showed a complete cure rate of about 15% per session (p<0.00001). At the end of the last session, therapeutic outcome was complete (score 2) and partial (score 1) in 28 (37%) and 42 patients (56%), respectively, whereas treatment failure (score 0) was observed in 5 patients (7%). The plasmatic ethanol levels were very low (mean±SEM 0.03±0.06 g L(-1)), with only one patient above the legal 0.5 g L(-1) intoxication limit (0.6 g L(-1)). Forty-six (46) product-related adverse events (all local, none systemic) were reported. They included temporary mild isolated pain (N=21), inflammatory reactions (N=4), and local complications (7 skin necroses, 7 compressive neuropathies, 4 product leakage/fistula, 2 intralesional fibrous or granulomatous tissue, 1 dense node; 12.2% of the infusions). All local complications resolved spontaneously, except for 2 skin necroses requesting surgical paring.


Ethanol gel is an embosclerosing substance that provides high efficiency and improves safety of ethanol in the treatment of VM lesions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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