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Annu Rev Neurosci. 2011;34:259-88. doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-061010-113720.

The cognitive neuroscience of human memory since H.M.

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Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA.


Work with patient H.M., beginning in the 1950s, established key principles about the organization of memory that inspired decades of experimental work. Since H.M., the study of human memory and its disorders has continued to yield new insights and to improve understanding of the structure and organization of memory. Here we review this work with emphasis on the neuroanatomy of medial temporal lobe and diencephalic structures important for memory, multiple memory systems, visual perception, immediate memory, memory consolidation, the locus of long-term memory storage, the concepts of recollection and familiarity, and the question of how different medial temporal lobe structures may contribute differently to memory functions.

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