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Psychiatry Res. 2011 Sep 30;189(2):185-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.02.017. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

A comparative study on quality of life of patients of schizophrenia with and without depression.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Abstract

Depression in schizophrenia has been recognized as one of the important factors influencing the Quality of Life (QOL). For this study 60 patients with a clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia as per ICD-10 (DCR version) were divided into two groups (with and without depression) on the basis of their score on Calgary Depression Rating Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS). Thereafter, all patients were assessed on Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS) for psychopathology, on Lehman Quality of Life Interview (QOLI)-brief version for QOL, on World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule-II (WHODAS-II) for disability, on UKU Side Effect Rating Scale for side effects of drugs and on Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) for perceived social support. The two (depressed and non-depressed schizophrenia) groups differed significantly on symptoms of general psychopathology of PANSS and disability as per WHODAS-II, with the depressed group scoring higher. In the total sample, positive symptoms and the symptoms of general psychopathology of PANSS had a strong negative correlation with all three (subjective, objective and combined) domains of QOL, whereas, disability and medication side effects had a negative correlation with subjective and combined domains of QOL. CDSS total score did not significantly correlate with QOL. General psychopathology symptoms of PANSS emerged as the sole significant predictor of subjective and combined QOL, while positive symptoms of PANSS emerged as the sole predictor of objective QOL. Hence, it can be concluded that general psychopathology on PANSS had significant effect whereas depression as rated on CDSS had no significant effect on QOL in patients with schizophrenia. Treatments to improve QOL in schizophrenia should focus on symptoms of general psychopathology of PANSS.

PMID:
21453977
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2011.02.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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