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BJU Int. 2011 Oct;108(8 Pt 2):E211-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10159.x. Epub 2011 Mar 31.

Effect of statin use on biochemical outcome following radical prostatectomy.

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Columbia University Medical Center/NY Presbyterian Hospital, Department of Urology, 161 Ft. Washington Ave, HIP 11, New York, NY 10032, USA.



•To determine the relationship between statin use and biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP).


•A retrospective analysis was performed on 3198 RP patients between 1990 and 2008. •Exclusion criteria were neo-adjuvant or adjuvant therapy, follow-up <2 years, and insufficient pathological or prostate-specific antigen (PSA) data. •Statin use was determined from the patient's record. Clinical and pathological variables were compared between statin users and non-users. •Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the effect of statin use on BCR.


•A total of 1261 patients fit criteria for analysis. There were 281 (22%) statin users. Mean age was 60 years and median follow-up was 36 months (mean 43 months). •Statin users had a lower median preoperative PSA (6.4) compared with non-users (7.1) (P < 0.05). In all, 80% of statin users had a pathological Gleason sum ≥7 compared with 67% of non-users (P < 0.05). •On multivariate analysis, statin use was an independent predictor of BCR (hazard ratio 1.54, P < 0.05). Statin users had a lower 5-year BCR-free survival compared with non-users (75% vs 84%, P < 0.05).


•Statin users are at an increased risk for BCR following RP. This finding may be due to the reduction in preoperative PSA potentially delaying diagnosis and/or masking aggressive disease. •Further studies are necessary to elucidate the impact of statin medications following prostate cancer therapy.

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