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J Gen Virol. 2011 Jul;92(Pt 7):1519-31. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.030494-0. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Recruitment of cyclin-dependent kinase 9 to nuclear compartments during cytomegalovirus late replication: importance of an interaction between viral pUL69 and cyclin T1.

Author information

1
Institute for Clinical and Molecular Virology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent protein kinases (CDKs) are important regulators of cellular processes and are functionally integrated into the replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Recently, a regulatory impact of CDK activity on the viral mRNA export factor pUL69 was shown. Here, specific aspects of the mode of interaction between CDK9/cyclin T1 and pUL69 are described. Intracellular localization was studied in the presence of a novel selective CDK9 inhibitor, R22, which exerts anti-cytomegaloviral activity in vitro. A pronounced R22-induced formation of nuclear speckled aggregation of pUL69 was demonstrated. Multi-labelling confocal laser-scanning microscopy revealed that CDK9 and cyclin T1 co-localized perfectly with pUL69 in individual speckles. The effects were similar to those described recently for the broad CDK inhibitor roscovitine. Co-immunoprecipitation and yeast two-hybrid analyses showed that cyclin T1 interacted with both CDK9 and pUL69. The interaction region of pUL69 for cyclin T1 could be attributed to aa 269-487. Moreover, another component of CDK inhibitor-induced speckled aggregates was identified with RNA polymerase II, supporting earlier reports that strongly suggested an association of pUL69 with transcription complexes. Interestingly, when using a UL69-deleted recombinant HCMV, no speckled aggregates were formed by CDK inhibitor treatment. This indicated that pUL69 is the defining component of aggregates and generally may represent a crucial viral interactor of cyclin T1. In conclusion, these data emphasize that HCMV inter-regulation with CDK9/cyclin T1 is at least partly based on a pUL69-cylin T1 interaction, thus contributing to the importance of CDK9 for HCMV replication.

PMID:
21450947
DOI:
10.1099/vir.0.030494-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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