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J Med Chem. 2011 Apr 28;54(8):2701-13. doi: 10.1021/jm1015022. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Developing potent human uric acid transporter 1 (hURAT1) inhibitors.

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School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado 80045, United States.


The kidneys are a vital organ in the human body. They serve several purposes including homeostatic functions such as regulating extracellular fluid volume and maintaining acid-base and electrolyte balance and are essential regarding the excretion of metabolic waste. Furthermore, the kidneys play an important role in uric acid secretion/reabsorption. Abnormalities associated with kidney transporters have been associated with various diseases, such as gout. The current study utilized Xenopus oocytes expressing human uric acid transporter 1 (hURAT1; SLC22A12) as an in vitro method to investigate novel compounds and their ability to inhibit (14)C-uric acid uptake via hURAT1. We have prepared and tested a series of 2-ethyl-benzofuran compounds and probed the hURAT1 in vitro inhibitor structure-activity relationship. As compared to dimethoxy analogues, monophenols formed on the C ring showed the best in vitro inhibitory potential. Compounds with submicromolar (i.e., IC(50) < 1000 nM) inhibitors were prepared by brominating the corresponding phenols to produce compounds with potent uricosuric activity.

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