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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Apr;33(4):889-97. doi: 10.1002/jmri.22492.

Gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced liver MR imaging in cirrhotic patients: quantitative and qualitative comparison of 1-hour and 3-hour delayed images.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the image quality and diagnostic performance of 1- and 3-h delayed-phase MR images (DPIs) after gadobenate dimeglumine injection in detecting small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in cirrhotic patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Relative enhancement of the liver (RE(liver) ) and HCC (RE(HCC) ) and liver-to-lesion contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of HCC were measured quantitatively on 1- and 3-h DPIs in 65 patients with 88 HCCs. For qualitative analysis, two radiologists independently evaluated three image sets in 19 patients with 25 HCCs ≤ 2 cm and in 16 controls without HCCs: conventional liver MR without DPI (set A), adding 1-h DPI (set B), and adding 3-h DPI (set C), using a 5-point scale for diagnosing small HCCs. Diagnostic performance for small HCCs was analyzed using the alternative free-response receiver operating characteristic method.

RESULTS:

Mean RE(liver) (P = 0.013) and RE(HCC) (P < 0.001) were significantly higher on 1-h than on 3-h DPI, whereas CNR was significantly higher on 3-h than on 1-h DPI (P = 0.001). Observer-averaged figure of merit (FOM) was significantly higher for set C than for set A (0.942 versus 0.883; P = 0.013).

CONCLUSION:

In cirrhotic patients, 3-h DPI provides a higher liver-to-lesion contrast and a better diagnostic performance for small HCCs than 1-h DPI.

PMID:
21448954
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.22492
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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