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J Perinatol. 2011 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S29-34. doi: 10.1038/jp.2010.172.

The developing intestinal microbiome and its relationship to health and disease in the neonate.

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Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA.


The intestinal microbiota normally exists in a commensal and/or symbiotic relationship with the host. In the past few years, emerging technologies derived largely from the Human Genome Project have been applied to evaluating the intestinal microbiota and new discoveries using these techniques have prompted new initiatives such as the Human Microbiome Roadmap designed to evaluate the role of the intestinal microbiome in health and disease. In this review, we wish to focus on some new developments in this area and discuss some of the effects of medical manipulations such as antibiotics, probiotics, prebiotics and C-section versus vaginal delivery on the intestinal microbiota.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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