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EMBO J. 2011 May 4;30(9):1804-17. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2011.93. Epub 2011 Mar 29.

Dissociation by Pelota, Hbs1 and ABCE1 of mammalian vacant 80S ribosomes and stalled elongation complexes.

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Department of Cell Biology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.


No-go decay (NGD) and non-stop decay (NSD) are eukaryotic surveillance mechanisms that target mRNAs on which elongation complexes (ECs) are stalled by, for example, stable secondary structures (NGD) or due to the absence of a stop codon (NSD). Two interacting proteins Dom34(yeast)/Pelota(mammals) and Hbs1, which are paralogues of eRF1 and eRF3, are implicated in these processes. Dom34/Hbs1 were shown to promote dissociation of stalled ECs and release of intact peptidyl-tRNA. Using an in vitro reconstitution approach, we investigated the activities of mammalian Pelota/Hbs1 and report that Pelota/Hbs1 also induced dissociation of ECs and release of peptidyl-tRNA, but only in the presence of ABCE1. Whereas Pelota and ABCE1 were essential, Hbs1 had a stimulatory effect. Importantly, ABCE1/Pelota/Hbs1 dissociated ECs containing only a limited number of mRNA nucleotides downstream of the P-site, which suggests that ABCE1/Pelota/Hbs1 would disassemble NSD complexes stalled at the 3'-end, but not pre-cleavage NGD complexes stalled in the middle of mRNA. ABCE1/Pelota/Hbs1 also dissociated vacant 80S ribosomes, which stimulated 48S complex formation, suggesting that Pelota/Hbs1 have an additional role outside of NGD.

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