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Ann Neurol. 2011 Mar;69(3):455-63. doi: 10.1002/ana.22390.

IDH1 R132H decreases proliferation of glioma cell lines in vitro and in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A high percentage of grade II and III gliomas have mutations in the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1). This mutation is always a heterozygous point mutation that affects the amino acid arginine at position 132 and results in loss of its native enzymatic activity and gain of alternative enzymatic activity (producing D-2-hydroxyglutarate). The objective of this study was to investigate the cellular effects of R132H mutations in IDH1.

METHODS:

Functional consequences of IDH1(R132H) mutations were examined among others using fluorescence-activated cell sorting, kinome and expression arrays, biochemical assays, and intracranial injections on 3 different (glioma) cell lines with stable overexpression of IDH1(R132H) .

RESULTS:

IDH1(R132H) overexpression in established glioma cell lines in vitro resulted in a marked decrease in proliferation, decreased Akt phosphorylation, altered morphology, and a more contact-dependent cell migration. The reduced proliferation is related to accumulation of D-2-hydroxyglutarate that is produced by IDH1(R132H) . Mice injected with IDH1(R132H) U87 cells have prolonged survival compared to mice injected with IDH1(wt) or green fluorescent protein-expressing U87 cells.

INTERPRETATION:

Our results demonstrate that IDH1(R132H) dominantly reduces aggressiveness of established glioma cell lines in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the IDH1(R132H) -IDH1(wt) heterodimer has higher enzymatic activity than the IDH1(R132H) -IDH1(R132H) homodimer. Our observations in model systems of glioma might lead to a better understanding of the biology of IDH1 mutant gliomas, which are typically low grade and often slow growing.

PMID:
21446021
DOI:
10.1002/ana.22390
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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