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Opt Express. 2011 Mar 14;19(6):5620-6. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.005620.

Upconversion ultraviolet random lasing in Nd3+ doped fluoroindate glass powder.

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Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.


An upconversion random laser (RL) operating in the ultraviolet is reported for Nd3+ doped fluoroindate glass powder pumped at 575 nm. The RL is obtained by the resonant excitation of the Nd3+ state 2G7/2 followed by energy transfer among two excited ions such that one ion in the pair decays to a lower energy state and the other is promoted to state 4D7/2 from where it decays emitting light at 381 nm. The RL threshold of 30 kW/cm2 was determined by monitoring the photoluminescence intensity as a function of the pump laser intensity. The RL pulses have time duration of 29 ns that is 50 times smaller than the decay time of the upconversion signal when the sample is pumped with intensities below the RL laser threshold.

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