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Pediatr Res. 1990 Aug;28(2):120-6.

Expression of the complement receptors CR1 and CR3 and the type III Fc gamma receptor on neutrophils from newborn infants and from fetuses with Rh disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia.


Developmental defects in neutrophil function, including diminished expression of plasma membrane receptors, may play an important role in the susceptibility of the newborn infant to infection. We used monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry to study the expression of complement receptor type one (CR1), complement receptor type three (CR3), and Fc gamma receptor type three (FcRIII) on neutrophils from six fetuses with Rh disease, 10 preterm infants, nine term infants, and nine adults. Expression of the complement receptors on unstimulated cells was similar for all groups, but significant differences in complement receptor expression were observed after stimulation with N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP). Fetal, preterm, and term infant neutrophils expressed less CR3 than FMLP-stimulated neutrophils of adults [61 +/- 2, 48 +/- 4, and 66 +/- 4% (mean +/- SEM) of the mean for adults, p less than 0.05]. FMLP-stimulated CR1 expression for these groups was 61 +/- 6, 73 +/- 6, and 91 +/- 9% of the adult mean (p less than 0.05, fetal versus term infant and adult). Expression of both CR3 and CR1 increased with postconceptional age in the infants (r2 = 0.49, p less than 0.001 for CR3; r2 = 0.23, p less than 0.05 for CR1). Neutrophils of the preterm and term infants expressed less FcRIII than adult neutrophils (68 +/- 10 and 77 +/- 7% of the adult mean, p less than 0.05, for FMLP-stimulated cells), whereas fetal neutrophil FcRIII expression did not differ from that of the adult.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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