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Neurochem Res. 2011 Jun;36(6):1073-86. doi: 10.1007/s11064-011-0451-0. Epub 2011 Mar 26.

Life span and locomotor activity modification by glucose and polyphenols in Drosophila melanogaster chronically exposed to oxidative stress-stimuli: implications in Parkinson's disease.

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School of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Neuroscience Research Group, University of Antioquia, SIU, Medellin, Colombia.


Previous studies have shown that polyphenols might be potent neuroprotective agents in Drosophila melanogaster, a valid model for PD, acutely treated with oxidative stress-stimulants. This study report for the first time that polyphenols exposure prolong life span (P < 0.05 by log-rang test) and restore locomotor activity (i.e., climbing capability, P < 0.05 by χ(2) test) of Drosophila melanogaster chronically exposed to paraquat compared to flies treated with paraquat alone in 1% glucose. We found that (10%) glucose partially prolongs life span and climbing in Drosophila exposed to iron, PQ or in combination, suggesting that both stimuli enhance a movement disorder in a concentration-dependent and temporal-related fashion. Moreover, chronic exposure of (1 mM) PQ/(0.5 mM) iron synergistically affect both survival and locomotor function independently of the temporal order of the exposure to the toxicants, but the survival is modulated in a concentration and temporal fashion by glucose. This investigation is the first to report that Ddc-GAL4 transgenic flies chronically fed with polyphenols increase life span (P < 0.05 by log-rang test) and enhance movement abilities (P < 0.05 by χ(2) test) compared to untreated Ddc-GAL4 or treated with paraquat in 1% glucose. Our present findings support the notion that Drosophila melanogaster might be a suitable model to study genetic, environmental and nutritional factors as causal and/or modulators in the development of PD. Most importantly, according to our model, we have demonstrated for the first time chronic polyphenols exposure as potential therapeutic compounds in the treatment of PD. These findings altogether open new avenues for the screening, testing and development of novel antioxidant drugs against oxidative stress stimuli.

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