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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2011 Oct;45(4):889-97. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2010-0402OC. Epub 2011 Mar 25.

Activation of beta1 integrins on blood eosinophils by P-selectin.

Author information

1
Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, 4285A, Medical Sciences Center, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, USA. mwjohansson@wisc.edu

Abstract

Activation of β(1) integrins of blood eosinophils, assessed by mAb N29, correlates inversely with FEV(1) in two paradigms for studying control of human asthma. We asked whether P-selectin causes eosinophil β(1) integrin activation and results in increased adhesivity. By dual-label flow cytometry, eosinophils with high levels of surface-associated P-selectin had higher reactivity with the activation-sensitive anti-β(1) mAbs N29, 8E3, and 9EG7 than eosinophils with no or with a low-level of surface-associated P-selectin. Among patients with nonsevere asthma, surface P-selectin correlated with N29, 8E3, and 9EG7 signals. By immunofluorescence microscopy, surface-associated P-selectin was present in patches on eosinophils, some of which stained for the platelet marker thrombospondin-1. Activated β(1) and P-selectin partially colocalized on eosinophils. Soluble P-selectin added to whole blood enhanced activation of eosinophil β(1), but not β(2), integrins. In contrast, IL-5 activated eosinophil β(2), but not β(1), integrins. Eosinophils that did not attach to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in a static adhesion assay had a lower N29 signal than the original population. Soluble P-selectin added to whole blood enhanced eosinophil adhesion to VCAM-1. These findings are compatible with a scenario whereby P-selectin, on eosinophil-associated activated platelets or acquired from plasma or from prior interactions with endothelial cells or platelets, activates eosinophil α(4)β(1) integrin and stimulates eosinophils to adhere to VCAM-1 and move to the airway in asthma.

PMID:
21441381
PMCID:
PMC3208615
DOI:
10.1165/rcmb.2010-0402OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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