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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Jun;300(6):H2316-22. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01259.2010. Epub 2011 Mar 25.

Renal protective effect of chronic inhibition of COX-2 with SC-58236 in streptozotocin-diabetic rats.

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Dept. of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.


The induction of renal cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in diabetes has been implicated in the renal functional and structural changes in models where hypertension or uninephrectomy was superimposed. We examined the protective effects of 3 mo treatment of streptozotocin-diabetic rats with a highly selective COX-2 inhibitor (SC-58236) in terms of albuminuria, renal hypertrophy, and the excretion of TNF-α and TGF-β, which have also been implicated in the detrimental renal effects of diabetes. SC-58236 treatment (3 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1)) of diabetic rats resulted in reduced urinary excretion of PGE(2), 6-ketoPGF(1α), and thromboxane B(2), all of which were increased in the diabetic rat compared with age-matched nondiabetic rats. However, serum thromboxane B(2) levels were unchanged, confirming the selectivity of SC-58236 for COX-2. The renal protective effects of treatment of diabetic rats with the COX-2 inhibitor were reflected by a marked reduction in albuminuria, a reduction in kidney weight-to-body weight ratio, and TGF-β excretion and a marked decrease in the urinary excretion of TNF-α. The protective effects of SC-58236 were independent of changes in plasma glucose levels or serum advanced glycation end-product levels, which were not different from those of untreated diabetic rats. In an additional study, the inhibition of COX-2 with SC-58236 for 4 wk in diabetic rats resulted in creatinine clearance rates not different from those of control rats. These results confirm that the inhibition of COX-2 in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat confers renal protection and suggest that the induction of COX-2 precedes the increases in cytokines, TNF-α, and TGF-β.

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