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Transplant Proc. 2011 Mar;43(2):578-80. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.065.

Anemia after kidney transplantation in adult recipients: prevalence and risk factors.

Author information

1
Nephrology and Urology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, and Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran. einollahi@ijnu.ir

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the prevalence of anemia and appraise its risk factors at 6 months after renal transplantation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This retrospective study was performed between 2008 and 2010 in 2713 adult kidney transplant recipients to determine the prevalence of posttransplantation anemia. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentration of 12 g/dL or less in women and 13 g/dL or less in men.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of posttransplantation anemia was 52.7%, with severe anemia (hemoglobin‚ȧ11 g/dL) detected in 24.4% of patients. Impaired renal function was the only risk factor associated with anemia (odds ratio, 3.6; P=.047). However, severe anemia after kidney transplantation was correlated with female sex (P=.001), renal allograft dysfunction (P=.00), and cytomegalovirus infection (P=.002).

CONCLUSION:

The present study demonstrated a quite high prevalence of posttransplantation anemia, in particular associated with impaired renal allograft function. Severe anemia was correlated with female sex, degree of kidney graft dysfunction, and cytomegalovirus infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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