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J Voice. 2012 Jan;26(1):e1-e10. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2010.10.005. Epub 2011 Mar 25.

Vocal warm-up practices and perceptions in vocalists: a pilot survey.

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Department of Communications Sciences and Disorders, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70893, USA.



Investigated in a pilot study the type, duration, and frequency of vocal warm-up regimens in the singing community using a survey.


One hundred seventeen participants completed an online survey. Participants included voice students from undergraduate, masters, and doctoral music programs and professional singers.


Fifty-four percent of participants reported always using vocal warm-up before singing. Twenty-two percent of the participants used vocal cool down. The most preferred warm-up duration was of 5-10 minutes in duration. Despite using vocal warm-up, 26% of the participants reported experiencing voice problems. Females tended to use vocal warm-up more frequently than males. Females also tended to use longer warm-up sessions than males. Education of the participants did not appear to have any noticeable effect on the vocal warm-up practices. The most commonly used singing warm-up exercises were ascending/descending five-note scales, ascending/descending octave scales, legato arpeggios, and glissandi.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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