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J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Apr;53(4):346-51. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318212235f.

Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among casino dealers.

Author information

1
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. cachutan@unmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study quantified casino dealers' occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).

METHODS:

We measured casino dealers' exposure to ETS components by analyzing full-shift air and preshift and postshift urine samples.

RESULTS:

Casino dealers were exposed to nicotine, 4-vinyl pyridine, benzene, toluene, naphthalene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, solanesol, and respirable suspended particulates. Levels of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) in urine increased significantly during an 8-hour work shift both with and without adjustment for creatinine clearance. Creatinine-unadjusted cotinine significantly increased during the 8-hour shift, but creatinine-adjusted cotinine did not increase significantly.

CONCLUSIONS:

Casino dealers at the three casinos were exposed to airborne ETS components and absorbed an ETS-specific component into their bodies, as demonstrated by detectable levels of urinary NNAL. The casinos should ban smoking on their premises and offer employee smoking cessation programs.

PMID:
21436733
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e318212235f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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