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Blood. 2011 May 12;117(19):5142-51. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-01-331306. Epub 2011 Mar 24.

HIV disease progression despite suppression of viral replication is associated with exhaustion of lymphopoiesis.

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1
Inserm UMR S 945, Infections and Immunity, Avenir Group, Universitě Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Hôpital Pitiě-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

Abstract

The mechanisms of CD4(+) T-cell count decline, the hallmark of HIV disease progression, and its relationship to elevated levels of immune activation are not fully understood. Massive depletion of CD4(+) T cells occurs during the course of HIV-1 infection, so that maintenance of adequate CD4(+) T-cell levels probably depends primarily on the capacity to renew depleted lymphocytes, that is, the lymphopoiesis. We performed here a comprehensive study of quantitative and qualitative attributes of CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells directly from the blood of a large set of HIV-infected persons compared with uninfected donors, in particular the elderly. Our analyses underline a marked impairment of primary immune resources with the failure to maintain adequate lymphocyte counts. Systemic immune activation emerges as a major correlate of altered lymphopoiesis, which can be partially reversed with prolonged antiretroviral therapy. Importantly, HIV disease progression despite elite control of HIV replication or virologic success on antiretroviral treatment is associated with persistent damage to the lymphopoietic system or exhaustion of lymphopoiesis. These findings highlight the importance of primary hematopoietic resources in HIV pathogenesis and the response to antiretroviral treatments.

PMID:
21436070
PMCID:
PMC3109539
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2011-01-331306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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