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Virology. 2011 May 10;413(2):283-92. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2011.02.023. Epub 2011 Mar 24.

Antiviral activity of bovine type III interferon against foot-and-mouth disease virus.

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Plum Island Animal Disease Center, North Atlantic Area, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Greenport, NY 11944, USA.


Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most serious threats to the livestock industry. Despite the availability of a vaccine, recent outbreaks in disease-free countries have demonstrated that development of novel FMD control strategies is imperative. Here we report the identification and characterization of bovine (bo) interferon lambda 3 (IFN-λ3), a member of the type III IFN family. Expression of boIFN-λ3 using a replication-defective human adenovirus type 5 vector (Ad5-boIFN-λ3) yielded a glycosylated secreted protein with antiviral activity against FMD virus (FMDV) and vesicular stomatitis virus in bovine cell culture. Inoculation of cattle with Ad5-boIFN-λ3 induced systemic antiviral activity and up-regulation of IFN stimulated gene expression in multiple tissues susceptible to FMDV infection. Our results demonstrate that the type III IFN family is conserved in bovines and boIFN-λ3 has potential for further development as a biotherapeutic candidate to inhibit FMDV or other viruses in cattle.

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