Send to

Choose Destination
Environ Health Prev Med. 2004 May;9(3):95-102. doi: 10.1007/BF02898067.

Lifestyles and psychosomatic symptoms among elementary school students and junior high school students.

Author information

Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Fl, 2-2 Yamada-oka, 565-0871, Suita, Osaka, Japan.



To examine the relationship between lifestyles and psychosomatic symptoms in children, we conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey of elementary school students and junior high school students in Japan.


We designed an original questionnaire to investigate the lifestyles and psychosomatic symptoms of children. In 1997, responses to the questionnaires were elicited from public elementary school fourth grade students (then aged 9-10) and public junior high school seventh grade students (then aged 12-13). The survey was repeated annually for three years as the students advanced through school.


For both boys and girls, each cross-sectional analysis revealed a strong relationship between lifestyle behaviors and psychosomatic symptoms. Psychosomatic, symptoms scores varied according to daily hours of sleep, eating of breakfast, having strong likes and dislikes of food, bowel habits, and daily hours of television watching. Both boys and girls with "good" lifestyle, behaviors evaluated by the HPI (Health Practice Index) showed lower scores for psychosomatic symptoms.


These findings show that the lifestyle behaviors of children are significantly associated with psychosomatic symptoms and suggest that poor lifestyle behaviors are likely to increase physical and psychological health risks.


elementary school; health practice index; junior high school; lifestyles; psychosomatic symptoms

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center