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Environ Health Prev Med. 2001 Oct;6(3):165-9. doi: 10.1007/BF02897965.

Seismic intensity and mental stress after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake.

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Department of Social and Environmental Medicine FI, Course of Social Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, 565-0871, Suita, Osaka, Japan.



For 1,361 victims of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, to evaluate the usefulness of seismic intensity information for mental health activities, we examined the quantitative relationship between experienced seismic intensity and earthquake-related life events or mental health.


Questionnaires were administered concerning seismic intensity, life events and mental health to the victims.


The incidence of serious life events, such as death of a close family member and mental disorders were higher in areas of high seismic intensity than in low-intensity areas. Victims who experienced intensity 7 (Japan Meteorological Agency) scored 11 or more on the Modified Mercalli (MM) scale, perceived more depressive symptoms [odds ratio (OR) 2.11, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.49-2.98)] and lower mental health status (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.34-2.61) than those who suffered intensity 4 or less, who scored 7 or less on MM scale after controlling for various sociodemographic factors.


Higher seismic intensity was associated with each severe life event and ill mental health among earthquake victims.


depression; earthquake; life event; mental health; stress

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