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J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2011 Jan;16(1):31-3. doi: 10.4103/0971-9261.74521.

Perforation into gut by ventriculoperitoneal shunts: A report of two cases and review of the literature.

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Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.


We report two cases of gastrointestinal perforation by ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and review the literature on the topic. The time interval between shunt surgery and detection of bowel perforation is minimum in infants and increases with age. Sigmoid and transverse colon followed by stomach are the most frequent sites of gastrointestinal perforations by VP shunts.


Anal protrusion; bowel perforation; hydrocephalus; oral extrusion; ventriculoperitoneal shunt

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