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Pediatr Res. 2011 Jul;70(1):25-30. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e31821b570b.

Reduced pericellular sensitivity to IGF-I in fibroblasts from girls with Turner syndrome: a mechanism to impair clinical responses to GH.

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Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester M13 9WL, United Kingdom.


Girls with Turner syndrome (TS) are treated with supraphysiological doses of growth hormone (GH) to improve final height; however in some girls, the growth response can be poor. This may reflect aberrations in GH and/or IGF-I actions at the cellular level, and thus this study compared the response of skin fibroblasts from normal children (n = 5) and girls with TS (n = 8) to GH, IGF-I, or a combination, by assessing the IGF binding protein (IGFBP) profile of conditioned medium harvested over 7 d. The two cell types had a comparable IGFBP profile; IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-4 were the most abundant species. TS fibroblasts produced more IGFBP-3 (d 7, 51.4 ± 45 ng/mL versus 20 ± 22 ng/mL; p < 0.05) than control cells; levels of IGFBP-4 were similar (21 ± 12 ng/mL versus 30 ± 21 ng/mL). GH did not influence IGFBP production. IGF-I treatment did not affect IGFBP-4 levels but enhanced the production of IGFBP-3 by both cell types (p < 0.05). However, the response of TS fibroblasts to IGF-I was approximately half that observed in normal cells (p < 0.05). Altered IGF-I activity, because of reduced bioavailability and/or reduced sensitivity, could contribute to the need for high GH doses in TS and for the poor response to GH in some girls with TS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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