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Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Nov;85(2):e89-94. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2011.02.008. Epub 2011 Mar 22.

Knowledge and attitudes of caregivers of HIV-infected children toward antiretroviral treatment in Ethiopia.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Jimma University, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. sibhatu2005@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the knowledge and attitude of caregivers of HIV-infected children taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia.

METHODS:

A total of 390 caregivers of HIV infected children were surveyed in selected ART units in Addis Ababa. Data was collected using a pretested and structured questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Seventy two (18.5%) of the caregivers believed that HIV can be cured by taking antiretroviral (ARV) medications. Three hundred and nineteen (81.8%) participants reported that taking ARVs incorrectly would bring about resistance to the drug. Three hundred and eighty (97.4%) caregivers had favorable attitude toward administration of ARV medication to children. Almost all of the caregivers (379, 97.2%) reported to have had enough privacy in their consultation with the doctor or nurse. Having enough privacy during consultation (OR 7.18; 95% CI 1.24-41.6) and knowledge that HIV cannot be cured by ART (OR 3.89; 95% CI 1.05-14.4) were associated with favorable attitude toward ART administration.

CONCLUSION:

The majority of the caregivers had good knowledge and favorable attitude toward administration of ARV medication to children. However some misconceptions such as beliefs that ART cures HIV/AIDS exist.

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS:

Health education efforts should continue focusing on the objective of ART treatment and toward dispelling the prevailing misconceptions.

PMID:
21429696
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2011.02.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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