Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Immunology. 2011 Jul;133(3):278-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2011.03425.x. Epub 2011 Mar 23.

Induction of latency-associated peptide (transforming growth factor-β(1)) expression on CD4+ T cells reduces Toll-like receptor 4 ligand-induced tumour necrosis factor-α production in a transforming growth factor-β-dependent manner.

Author information

The Institute of Hepatology, University College London, UK.


CD4(+) T cells expressing the latent form of transforming growth factor-β [latency-associated peptide (LAP) (TGF-β(1))] play an important role in the modulation of immune responses. Here, we identified a novel peptide ligand (GPC(81-95) ) with an intrinsic ability to induce membrane-bound LAP (TGF-β(1)) expression on a subpopulation of human CD4(+) T cells (using flow cytometry; ranging from 0·8% to 2·6%) and stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells to release LAP (TGF-β(1) ) (using ELISPOT assay; ranging from 0·03% to 0·16%). In spite of this low percentage of responding cells, GPC(81-95) significantly reduced Toll-like receptor 4 ligand-induced tumour necrosis factor-α production in a TGF-β(1) - and CD4(+) T-cell-dependent manner. The results demonstrate that GPC(81-95) is a useful tool to study the functional properties of a subpopulation of LAP (TGF-β(1))(+) CD4(+) T cells and suggest a pathway that can be exploited to suppress inflammatory response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center