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Chromosome Res. 2011 Apr;19(3):335-44. doi: 10.1007/s10577-011-9190-y.

Mechanisms of plant spindle formation.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.

Abstract

In eukaryotes, the formation of a bipolar spindle is necessary for the equal segregation of chromosomes to daughter cells. Chromosomes, microtubules and kinetochores all contribute to spindle morphogenesis and have important roles during mitosis. A unique property of flowering plant cells is that they entirely lack centrosomes, which in animals have a major role in spindle formation. The absence of these important structures suggests that plants have evolved novel mechanisms to assure chromosome segregation. In this review, we highlight some of the recent studies on plant mitosis and argue that plants utilize a variation of "spindle self-organization" that takes advantage of the early polarity of plant cells and accentuates the role of kinetochores in stabilizing the spindle midzone in prometaphase.

PMID:
21424324
DOI:
10.1007/s10577-011-9190-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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