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J Steroid Biochem. 1990 Jun 22;36(3):203-6.

Antiestrogenic and antitumor properties of the new triphenylethylene derivative toremifene in the rat.

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Farmitalia Carlo Erba, Biological Research and Development, Nerviano (Milan), Italy.


The effects of toremifene, a new triphenylethylene derivative, on the uterus and DMBA-induced mammary tumors in rats were compared to tamoxifen. The ability of toremifene to compete with [3H]estradiol for cytoplasmic estrogen receptor from rat uterus was similar to tamoxifen, the IC50 being 26 and 23 microM respectively. In immature intact rats the two compounds, administered orally for three consecutive days, had similar intrinsic partial estrogenic efficacy, at 50 mg/kg, about 40% of that of estradiol benzoate (EB). However, at doses less than or equal to 10 mg/kg, the estrogenic effect of toremifene was seen at doses about 40 times higher than that of tamoxifen. The two compounds, administered together with a standard dose of EB, expressed the same maximal antiestrogenic efficacy (about 65% inhibition) at 50 mg/kg. However, the minimal effective antiestrogenic dose of toremifene was about 10 times that of tamoxifen and the ratio between antiestrogenic/estrogenic properties was favourable to toremifene. The duration of the antiestrogenic (antiuterotrophic) effect of a single oral dose (10 mg/kg) of the two compounds proved similar: at least 4 days in intact rats and 3 days in ovariectomized rats. In DMBA-induced tumor bearing rats toremifene was administered p.o., 6 times/week for 4 weeks at 0.08, 0.4, 2, 10 and 50 mg/kg. It was effective at the doses of 2, 10 and 50 mg/kg, inducing 39, 35 and 46% tumor regressions. The activity of toremifene at the minimal effective dose of 2 mg/kg was then compared with that of tamoxifen given at the same dose level. The compounds had comparable activity (47 vs 44% tumor regressions).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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